Plantar fasciitis is the most familiar cause of heel discomfort. The plantar fascia is the flat band of material that joins together the heel bone to your toes. It assists the arch of the foot. If the plantar fascia is strained, it gets swollen, weak, and irritated. Then the bottom or the heel of the foot hurts when standing or walking. Plantar fasciitis is usual in middle-aged individuals. It also happens in younger individuals who are on their feet a lot, such as soldiers or athletes. It can occur in one foot or both feet. The person can also get swollen legs.Causes Plantar fasciitis is due to straining the ligament that assists the arch. Repeated strain could cause small cuts in the ligament. These will lead to swelling and pain. This is more likely to occur from a variety of issues. For example, pain may be caused when the feet roll in too much when walking or there are flat feet or high arches. Walking, standing, or running for long durations of time, especially on rougher surfaces, may cause irritation. When the person is overweight, they are more likely to suffer from plantar fasciitis. Wearing shoes that do not fit well or are worn out or if the person has tight calf muscles or Achilles tendons are other causes.SymptomsMany individuals with plantar fasciitis have discomfort when taking their initial steps after getting out of bed or sitting for a long duration. They may have less pain and stiffness after taking a few steps. DiagnosisThe physician should check the feet and observe the patient standing and walking. They will ask questions about the patient's past health, including what injuries or illnesses were sustained. Also recorded are the different symptoms, pain location and when the foot hurts the most. This may be affected by how physically active the patient is and whether they have a sedentary lifestyle or not.Plantar Fasciitis TreatmentNo single technique works better for everybody with plantar fasciitis. There are many things that can be tried to aid the foot's improvement. Give the feet a rest. Cut back on tasks that cause the foot to ache. Do not run or walk on rough surfaces. To decrease swelling and pain, put ice on the heel or take an over-the-counter pain reliever like ibuprofen, naproxen, or aspirin. Patients can do calf and towel stretches many times during the day, especially when first getting up in the morning. One remedy is to buy a new pair of shoes. Choose shoes with great arch support, low heels and a cushioned sole work well. Try heel cups or shoe inserts. Utilize them in both shoes, even if only one foot hurts.